Ritalin is the brand name of a drug that is prescribed for patients with ADHD and narcolepsy. The active ingredient in Ritalin is methylphenidate, a substance related to Amphetamine. The effect of Ritalin is comparable to that of amphetamine, but is less strong.

The drug has become popular among students in recent years because its use can improve concentration and study performance. However, when abused, the physical side effects can be annoying and with prolonged use can even lead to dependence.

What is Ritalin

Ritalin is produced in the form of tablets that are ingested. The active substance stimulates the production and effect of dopamine and norepinephrine. These remain longer and active in the brain before they are broken down.

People with ADHD naturally produce less dopamine and norepinephrine than people without ADHD. When used correctly, the agent has an inhibiting effect. It ensures that people with ADHD who experience problems with maintaining attention and focus can suppress impulses and keep control over their behavior.

The drug is prescribed in most cases to children and young people. This is less often prescribed to adults because they are more likely to suffer from the side effects. Known side effects are increased blood pressure and psychological complaints such as depression and anxiety.


Ritalin has a stimulating effect on the central nervous system, which increases the ability to concentrate. The effect of Ritalin in people with ADHD is that it improves complaints such as emotional irritability, attention and mood. In narcolepsy patients, taking Ritalin prevents sleep attacks and increases alertness during the day.

In people without ADHD, Ritalin abuse can have a negative impact on brain development.

The following side effects may also occur during use:

  • Palpitations
  • A rushed feeling
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep.

There is also a risk of overdose without medical supervision. Overdose can have unpleasant consequences, including: vomiting, muscle twitching, tremors, euphoria, hallucinations, confusion, sweating, headache, blood pressure increase and overheating.

Stop Ritalin

Ritalin is only prescribed by a doctor or general practitioner. This makes it possible to control the prescribed amount and prevent misuse. Stopping this will not happen all at once, but will have to be phased out in consultation with the doctor.

Continued use can lead to habituation, which can eventually lead to psychological dependence.


When there is abuse and addiction, it is important to act as soon as possible help to search. Due to withdrawal symptoms such as depression and loss of concentration, it is difficult for many not to use again. Early intervention increases the likelihood of a long-term and prosperous one recovery.