Cannabis

Cannabis is the generic term for the psychoactive drug also known as marijuana, weed, dope and many other names. The technically correct name of the cannabis plant is Cannabis sativa. The main psychoactive substance in cannabis is THC. This is the part of the cannabis plant that gets users high. There is a lot of difference between the strengths of THC in cannabis products, but the amount of THC in illegal cannabis has increased enormously in the last 50 years, so that there are hardly any soft drugs anymore.

Need help with a Cannabis addiction?

Cannabis can be mentally addictive, so it is often difficult to stop using it. Castle Craig can help. Helpful withdrawal increases the chances of success.

Background

High doses of cannabis can cause psychosis or panic. Some people have an acute psychotic reaction or panic attacks when under the influence of cannabis.
At the beginning of this decade, cannabis was the world's most produced, traded and used drug, according to a United Nations report. Estimates of the number of users worldwide range between 119 million and 224 million adults per year.

Different shapes

Cannabis is used in three forms: marijuana, hash, and hash oil. Marijuana is made from the dried flowers and leaves of the cannabis plant. Marijuana is the weakest of the three and is usually smoked. Hashish is made from the resin of the cannabis plant. It is dried, pressed into small cubes and can then be smoked. It can also be added to food and eaten like that (for example in a space cake). Hash oil, the strongest variety of cannabis products, is a thick oil extracted from hash. Cannabis is usually smoked, but you can also consume it such as in a space cake or in hash cookies.

How does it work?

The main psychoactive compound in cannabis is delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC. This is the part of the cannabis plant that gets users high. In addition to the feeling that your mind is being expanded, concentration and short-term memory also decrease. This is because it has an effect on the brain. Furthermore, the relaxed feeling of cannabis is caused by the binding of THC to cannabis-like receptors in the brain. This causes an increase in the substance dopamine. There is a lot of difference between the strengths of THC in mutual cannabis products, but the amount of THC in illegal cannabis has increased enormously in the last 50 years.

The Effects of Cannabis Abuse

When a user smokes cannabis, the THC is rapidly absorbed from the lungs into the blood and then distributed to the brain and other organs in the body. It is absorbed more slowly when taken with food or drink.
Research has shown that in chronic users, cannabis negatively affects learning and memory capacities, even long after the effects of the drugs wear off. Cannabis use has also been linked in recent studies to respiratory diseases commonly associated with smoking, such as lung cancer. There is also a higher risk of declining libido and fertility as an aggressive type of testicular cancer in young men.

Health risks

High doses of cannabis can cause psychosis or panic. Some people have an acute psychotic reaction or panic attacks when under the influence of cannabis.
There is a strong link between starting cannabis use under the age of 16 and schizophrenia later. Cannabis can further worsen psychotic symptoms in people who already have schizophrenia.

Long-term cannabis users who discontinue their use have reported withdrawal symptoms such as irritability, aggression, insomnia, waking up in sweat, loss of appetite, weight loss or weight gain, cramps or pain after eating, restlessness, anxiety, depression and mood have to start smoking weed again - all these reasons make it harder to stay abstinent.

Do you blow a lot and want to stop? Read all about it here stop smoking.

Treatment for cannabis addiction at Castle Craig

Behavioral interventions, such as cognitive behavioral therapy en family therapy, have proven to be effective in treating cannabis addiction.

Check the page about 'Our Addiction Care' to learn more about our various addiction programs.